The United States has been fighting the War on Drugs for the past 40 years. With the declaration of the War on Drugs came changes in policing strategies, drug sentencing guidelines, media attention on drugs and a large increase in the number of people incarcerated in the United States for drug-related crimes. In the past 40 years, the War on Drugs has disproportionately affected African Americans and communities of color. The disproportionate impact of the War on Drugs is not reflected by racial differences in drug use, calling attention to the fact that the War on Drugs has been racially biased. The long-lasting consequences of this disproportionate impact of the War on Drugs include mass incarceration of people of color and the repercussions of incarceration for individuals, families and communities.