Skip to Main Content

Christianity and World Religions: Islam

A guide that serves as a brief introduction to several world religions. It is intended to whet your appetite for further study and to help you understand the religious beliefs of others in today's global society.

Islam -- Definition

Islam - the religious system established through the prophet Muhammad; the Muslim religion; the body of Muslims, the Muslim world.

Source: Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, Ref PE 1635 .S47 2002

Primary source materials


Nostra Aetate

“The Church regards with esteem also the Moslems. They adore the one God, living and subsisting in Himself; merciful and all-powerful, the Creator of heaven and earth, who has spoken to men; they take pains to submit wholeheartedly to even His inscrutable decrees, just as Abraham, with whom the faith of Islam takes pleasure in linking itself, submitted to God. Though they do not acknowledge Jesus as God, they revere Him as a prophet. They also honor Mary, His virgin Mother; …they value the moral life and worship God especially through prayer, almsgiving and fasting.”

Nostra Aetate #3

Nostra Aetate (Latin: In our Age) is the Declaration on the Relation of the Church with Non-Christian Religions of the Second Vatican Council. Passed by a vote of 2,221 to 88 of the assembled bishops, this declaration was promulgated on October 28, 1965, by Pope Paul VI.

Electronic Encyclopedia

Call Numbers


  • BL - World Religions
  • BP - Islam
  • BP 161

UST's Muslim-Christian Dialogue Center

See also Islamic Studies Research Guide

Jan Phillips Bibliography of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam - and their Encounters