names. Note that the terms include both English and Hebrew names of
some items, such as feasts (e.g., Sukkot = Tabernacles).
Baal Shem Tov
Day of Atonement
Days of Awe
yetzer ha ra’
yetzer ha tov
Describe and distinguish the various Jewish holy books and traditions: Tanakh, Torah, Neviim, Ketuvim, Mishnah, Talmud, haggadah, halakhah, Targums, midrashim, Talmudic tales.
Describe the following concepts in Judaism and explain their relevance to issues of justice and peace: covenant, chosen people, promised land, holy people, sense of persecution.
Who were the Maccabees? What part did they play in Jewish history? What Jewish religious holiday is associated with them, and what is the connection?
Explain the transition from early first century Judaism (centered around Temple worship) to Rabbinic Judaism.
Be prepared to recognize and identify key Jewish beliefs, and to discern when they are being incorrectly described.
Be able to describe or identify major Jewish religious feasts: Passover (Pesach), Pentecost (Shavuot), Tabernacles (Sukkot), the High Holy Days: New Year and the Day of Atonement (Rosh Ha-Shanah and Yom Kippur), Hanukkah.
Why do Jews (of the great tradition) keep the Law of Moses?
Distinguish the following Jewish groups: Hasidic, Orthodox, Reformed, Conservative, Reconstructionist, Ashkenazic, Sephardic. What gave rise to each? How do they compare with each other?
Distinguish political, socialist, cultural, and religious Zionism.
What are some limits to Holy War as we read it described in the Tanakh or Old Testament? Be prepared to recognize such reasons, and to discern when they are being incorrectly described.
Among persecutions of Jews, what was unique about the Nazi Holocaust? How did Christians respond to the tragedy that their Jewish neighbors were facing? Describe three Jewish theological explanations of the Holocaust (ultra-orthodox Jews, secular Zionists, modern Orthodox religious Zionists)? What conclusion do many modern Israeli Jews draw from the Holocaust Museum Yat va Shem? From the Holocaust experience, how do Zionists respond to Gentile criticism of Israeli policies?