Skip to Main Content

ASA/ASR Citation Style Guide: Notes

This is a guide on how to use the American Sociological Association citation style. It provides examples of basic formats for sources using ASA/ASR Style.


ASA/ASR Style cites references Within the Text.

Although page number(s) are not required, for direct quotes, include the page number(s).  See assorted examples below:

Basic format:

(Author's last name Year: Page number(s))


One or two authors :

(Doe 2006: 29)

Multiple (3 or more) authors

First time listed:  

(Doe, Richards, Jones, and Jones 2008: 212)

Subsequent cites: 

(Doe et. al. 2007: 223)

No authors:


(First few words of reference list entry which is usually the Title Year Page number(s))


(Electronic reference formats 2007: 3)