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Chicago/Turabian Citation Style: Getting Started

This is a guide on how to use the Chicago Manual of Style/Turabian citation style. It provides examples of basic formats for sources using Chicago style.

Chicago Style Manual

Other Style Manuals covering Chicago Style

Introduction to Chicago Style (Turabian)

This page shows examples of only a few types of resources.  For more detailed information, use the Chicago style manuals and web sites listed on this page.

The Reference List in Chicago Style is single spaced.  The first line is out to the margin and subsequent lines are indented. Footnotes or Endnotes indent the first line and the remaining lines go all the way to the margin.  They are numbered in superscript (see examples throughout this guide, particularly under the "Notes" tab above).

All call numbers listed are those for the University of St. Thomas Libraries, St. Paul, MN.

The Chicago Style (also referred to as Turabian) is used principally by the liberal arts and business fields. The MLA Style is also used by these fields.

The most current edition of Turabian (8th edition) covers the 16th edition (newest) of the Chicago Style. 

When using RefWorks, you should identify Chicago Style 16th edition when creating your bibliography.


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Use RefWorks to keep track of resources you find in your research, and to create your bibliography when finished.

Learn more about Refworks and get the UST Refworks Group Code (login required).


CLIC Plaigiarism tutorial

Concerned about Plagiarism? You should be! View this multi-media tutorial for more information.

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