Ruth Garside, PhD, Senior Lecturer in Evidence Synthesis at the Medical School, University of Exeter
The PRISMA Statement:
Anybody writing a systematic literature review should be familiar with the PRISMA statement. The PRISMA Statement is a document that consists of a 27-item checklist and a flow diagram and aims to guide authors on how to develop a systematic review protocol and what to include when writing the review.
A protocol ideally includes the following:
Databases to be searched and additional sources (particularly for grey literature)
Keywords to be used in the search strategy
Limits applied to the search.
Data to be extracted
Summary of data to be reported
From Majumbder, K. (2015). A young researcher's guide to a systematic review. Editage Insights. Retrieved from https://www.editage.com/insights/a-young-researchers-guide-to-a-systematic-review#
Here are a couple of articles found in Sage Research Methods Online which give good definitions of what a Systematic Literature Review is and how to do one:
Dempster, M. (2003). Systematic review. In Robert L. Miller, & John D. Brewer
(Eds.), The A-Z of Social Research. (pp. 312-317). London, England: SAGE
Publications, Ltd. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9780857020024.n110
Crisp, B.R. (2015). Systematic reviews: a social work perspective. Australian
Social Work, 68 (3): 284-295. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0312407X.2015.102426
Schick-Makaroff, K., MacDonald, M. Plummer, M., Burgess, J., & Neander, W. (2016).
Research Synthesis. AIMS Public Health, 3(1). 172-215.
This web site collects systematic reviews in process. By reviewing them, you can see what is included in a systematic review.
This Monograph series is an open access collection of peer-reviewed systematic reviews. "Campbell systematic reviews follow structured guidelines and standards for summarizing the international research evidence on the effects of interventions in crime and justice, education, international development, and social welfare." Registration and protocols are available from the Campbell Collaboration Library of Systematic Reviews.