This page shows examples of only a few types of resources. For more detailed information, use the APSA style manual and web sites listed on this page.
The Reference List in APSA Style is single spaced. The first line is out to the margin and subsequent lines are indented. Footnotes or Endnotes indent the first line and the remaining lines go all the way to the margin. They are numbered in superscript (see examples throughout this guide, particularly under the "Notes" tab above). APSA uses the "author-date" format for Chicago Style.
All call numbers listed are those for the University of St. Thomas Libraries, St. Paul, MN.
APSA Style is based on the Chicago Style (also referred to as Turabian) which is used principally by the liberal arts, political science, and business fields. The MLA Style is also used by many of these fields.
The most current edition of Turabian (8th edition) covers the 16th edition (newest) of the Chicago Style.
When using RefWorks, you should identify APSA Style when creating your bibliography.
Use Zotero to keep track of resources you find in your research, and to create your bibliography when finished.
St. Thomas is canceling RefWorks in June 2023. Instructions on how to migrate your citations from RefWorks to Zotero are available.