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Physics - Information Resources: Citing Sources

This is a guide to resources for physics research. It will lead you to databases with helpful journal articles, books, websites, and other resources.

    Citing Sources Guide

Check our Citing Sources guide for more information on why, and how, you should cite your sources.

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Citation Guides

Preferred formats for citations can vary among scholarly disciplines, departments, professors, or individual journal publishers.

Common citation styles in the natural sciences are:

Physics: AIP (American Institute of Physics) Style


  • The AIP Style Manual (4 th ed., 1990) is out of print and has not been updated, but is available online in PDF format from the American Institute of Physics. See page 12 for example citations.

Chemistry: ACS (American Chemical Society) Style

  • The latest edition of the ACS Style Guide is available in O'Shaughnessy-Frey Library Reference: QD8.5 .A25 2006.
  • The University of Wisconsin-Madison Chemistry Library has created an excellent website on ACS Style Guidelines.

General Science: CSE (Council of Science Editors) Style

  • Scientific style and format: the CSE manual for authors, editors, and publishers is available in Reference at O'Shaughnessy-Frey Library: T 11 .S386 2006
  • The University of North Carolina libraries have created a helpful web guide for learning CSE style.

General Science: Following the recommendations of international scientific bodies such as IUPAC and IUPAP


See the UST Libraries Citing Sources page for additional style guides, including MLA (Modern Language Association, generally humanities), APA (American Psychological Association, generally social sciences), and the Chicago Manual of Style.

UST Center for Writing

UST Writing CenterWould you like some expert assistance with writing and editing your paper? 

Check out the resources available from the Writing Center.