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APSA Style Guide: Citing Articles

This Political Science style guide provides examples on citing resources using the APSA Style Manual for Political Science which is based on the 15th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style.

Journal Articles found in print resources

Print Journal articles:

Format:

Author. Year. "Article Title." Journal Title Volume #.(Issue #  or Month): Page
      numbers.

Example:

Jones, Jane. 1999. "Writing with Style."  Style Writing Journal  
      12, (September):  14-33.

Journal Articles found in online resources

Online full-text journal article citations: 

Use the DOI whenever possible in citing online journals.  See the section "Other Questions" on this page for information on how to find and identify the DOI for an online article. If unable to find the DOI, list a URL.

Online Full-text Journal article citation:

Format:

Author(s). Year. "Title of Article." Journal Title Volume # (Issue #or Month):
         Page numbers. URL. Accessed date. 
    

Example:

Jones, James. 2009. "How Writing Influences our Lives." Journal of Online 
         Writing Techniques 24 (3). 
         http://proquest.umi.com.ezproxy.stthomas.edu/10.16?2935/672  
         (Accessed May 12, 2010). 

Secondary Sources

Only cite secondary sources when you are unable to obtain the original. When you are quoting or paraphrasing information by someone who was quoted in a secondary source, and you have not read the original, you should cite the original source either as a footnote/endnote, or within the text, and then cite the secondary source in the reference list.  You should attempt to find and read the original work, if possible. 

Format:

Original Article cited in a Text (Footnote or Endnote):

          1Author, "Article Title," Journal Title Volume # (Date): Page,
quoted in Author, Title (Place of Publication: Publisher, Date), Page.

 

Original Book cited in a Text (Footnote or Endnote):

          1Author, Book Title, Place of Publication: Publisher, Date, Page,
quoted in Author, Title (Place of Publication: Publisher, Date), Page.

 

Citing Original Work within the text of your paper and Citing Secondary Text in Reference List:

Citing in Text:

...as noted in Author's "Article Title," from the Date issue of Journal Title (quoted in Author Date)...    

Entry in Reference List:

Author. Title. Place of publication: Publisher, Date.

Examples:

Original Article cited in a Text (Footnote or Endnote):

        1Dowden, Edward, "Middlemarch and Daniel Deronda," Contemporary
Review
29 (1877) 348-69, quoted in Fleishman, Avrom, George Eliot's
Intellectual Life
 (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2010), 193. 

Citing Original Work within the text of your paper and Citing Secondary Text in Reference List:

        1Wolff, Michael, Marian Evans to George Eliot: The Moral and Intellectual
Foundations of Her Career,  Princeton, NJ: Princeton University, 1958, 28,
quoted in Fleishman, Avrom, George Eliot's Intellectual Life (Cambridge, UK:
Cambridge University Press, 2010), 64. 

Citing Original Work within the text of your paper and Citing Secondary Text in Reference List:

               Citing in Text:

               ...as noted in Wolff's unpublished dissertation,  Marian Evans to George

               Eliot: The Moral and Intellectual Foundations of Her Career (quoted in

               Fleishman 2010)...

               Entry in Reference List:

                      Fleishman, Avrom. George Eliot's Intellectual Life. Cambridge, UK: 
               Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Magazine Articles

Newspaper Articles

Finding DOIs and other issues

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"Refereed" or "Peer-Reviewed Journals Information

"Peer review" is the process through which experts in a field of study examine and assess the quality of articles before they are published.  Peer review insures that the research described in a journal's articles is sound and of high quality.

Sometimes the term "refereed" is used instead of peer reviewed.

You can identify Peer reviewed journals in the following source: