This is a recent comic tweeted by Emily Mixon, a PhD student in geochronology. She was inspired by an earlier xkcd comic on types of scientific papers. While the titles presented in this comic are funny, they are based on the fact that geology research, like all scholarly research, is really a conversation. Geologists join that conversation by publishing their ideas and responses to others' ideas. The conversation is conducted over years, through research articles, as well as conference presentations, reports, books, and websites.
No research is done completely on its own, it is all building upon or in response to previous research. In order to be part of that conversation as a geologist, you need to understand this information landscape, including:
Image from Twitter: @emilyemixon. "I took the bait...#xkcd #geochronology edition." 11:12 AM, May 2, 2021. https://twitter.com/emilyemixon/status/1388889065601314820. This is a rework of the original xkcd comic: Munroe, Randall, "Types of a Scientific Paper." xkcd.com/2456, April 28, 2021.
This guide is adapted from the guide GEOL 355: Structural Geology and Tectonics by Valerie Lookingbill at the University of South Carolina Libraries. Used with permission.