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The purpose of this research guide is to provide an introduction to the basic resources for the study of doctrinal teachings, theological disputes, heresies and controversies of the Christian church.
"During the first five centuries or so of Christianity, a number of false teachings, called heresies, about Jesus arose in the church. They clustered into two main categories: one that denied Jesus' humanity, the other that denied his divinity." (Pennock, M.F. The Seeker's Catacheism; pg. 17)
Augustine was attracted to Manichaeism and Neo-Platonism before his conversion to Christianity in 386 CE. As a Christian, he was involved in a controversy with Donatists and opposed the Pelagian heresy. This is a translation of six works of Augustine that deal with heresy, along with two works by other authors to which Augustine is replying.
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One of the most prominent heretics in early Christianity, his theology juxtaposed two distinct deities -- one of the Old and on of the New Testament. Denounced by the Church Fathers, he rejected many books now considered scripture, which prompted the Church to develop the Christian canon of Scriptures.