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Here are some general suggestions for organizing your paper.
Include a statement about the context of your topic
Include your thesis statement
Include a descriptive statement about the types of litererature covered in the review
Provide a summary of your findings
What conclusions can be drawn from your findings
Identify the general topic or issue
Describe overall trends in what has been published about the topic
Establish your reason(point of view) for reviewing this literature
Explain any criteria you have used in comparing literature and the overall organization of the review
If necessary, state why certain literature is not included (scope note)
Group items by common factors (theme, school of thought, etc.)
Decide on an overall organization for your review. It might be chronological, by method used, or by theme, for example
Summarize individual articles or items with as much or as little detail as the item merits, based on its comparative significance in the literature. The more space you give something is a sign of its significance.
Start each paragraph with a strong sentence, and provide summary statements periodically in the paper to help readers understand your analysis
Summarize the major contributions from the significant studies in your review
Evaluate the current "state of the art" for the topic you reviewed, pointing out any gaps or flaws you found, inconsistencies in theory, and issues that need additional study
Wrap it up by showing how this review is related to a larger area of study, discipline, or profession.
Be sure you cite your sources correctly.
See additional information under the "Citing Sources" tab.
Plagiarism is one activity that is considered a violation of the Academic Integrity Policy at St. Thomas. When a student has been immersed in a subject for months, it is sometimes easy to inadvertently fail to give credit to another writer for their ideas. These sites will offer ideas and methods to avoid plagiarism.