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SPAN 411/GSPAN 540 Ethnicity & Miltuculturalism: Evaluating Resources

CRAAP Test

It is important to evaluate resources for accuracy and reliability. Always use your critical thinking skills. You can use CRAAP test to evaluate websites, books, articles and other of resources. CRAAP is an acronym for each step of the process.

Currency

  • When was the information published or posted?
  • Has the information been revised or updated?
  • Does your topic require current information, or will older sources work as well?
  • *Are the links functional?

Relevance

  • Does the information relate to your topic or answer your research question?
  • Who is the intended audience?
  • Is the information at an appropriate level (not too elementary or advanced for your needs)?
  • Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is the one you will use?
  • Would you be comfortable citing this source in your research paper?

Authority

  • Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?
  • What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations?
  • Is the author qualified to write on the topic?
  • Is there contact information, such as publisher or email address?
  • *Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source? (.com, .edu, .gov, .net, .org)

Accuracy

  • Where does the information come from?
  • Is the information supported by evidence?
  • Has the information been reviewed, edited, or refereed?
  • Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge?
  • Does the language or tone seem unbiased and free of emotion?
  • Are there spelling, grammar or typographical errors?

Purpose

  • What is the purpose of the information? To inform, teach, sell, entertain, or persuade?
  • Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear?
  • Is the information fact, opinion or propaganda?
  • Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?
  • Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional or personal biases?

How to Spot Fake News

QUIZ