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A

ABI/INFORM Trade & Industry

Article (trade publication)

Slefo, G. P. (2020, April 6). Digital audio sees shifts: with less commuting, consumers are changing when and where they listen – and what they are listening to. Advertising Age.

Country data set

Economist Intelligence Unit. (2020, May 25). CountryData South Africa May 2020 [Data set]. http://search.proquest.com/abitrade
 

Industry profile

Dun & Bradstreet First Research reports seem to be available in multiple databases, so in such cases APA says not to include the database name or URL.

Dun & Bradstreet. (2019, May 27). Restaurants - quarterly update [industry report].

Fitch Solutions Group Limited. (n.d.). Mexico agribusiness report Q1 2020 [Industry profile]. BMI Research. http://search.proquest.com/abitrade

Access World News

Broadcast transcript

Kelly, M.L. (2020, May 4). Alaska restaurant owner: reopening far from profitable, but still worth it. [Radio broadcast transcript]. NPR All Things Considered. http://infoweb.newsbank.com/resources/?p=NewsBank

Newspaper article

DePass, D. & Crosby, J. (2020, February 13). Businesses could feel hit as virus cuts supply chain. Star Tribune, 1A.

Annual Report, 10-K, Other SEC filings

McDonald’s. (2019). 2018 annual report. https://www.annualreports.com/HostedData/AnnualReportArchive/m/NYSE_MCD_2018.pdf

SEC/EDGAR filings

Netflix. (2020, April 21). Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 21, 2020. https://www.sec.gov/ix?doc=/Archives/edgar/data/1065280/000106528020000155/form10qq120.htm

B

Bloomberg

Bloomberg. (2019). Company analysis for Bank of Canada. https://www.bloomberg.com/

Bloomberg. (2017). Environmental, social, and governance analysis for Bank of Canada 11/10/12 to 11/10/17. https://www.bloomberg.com/

Bloomberg Businessweek

Park, K., Philip, S., Davies, W., Man, Y., & Amin, H. (2020, April 20). The virus clips AirAsia’s wings. Bloomberg Businessweek, 16–17.

Business Source Premier

Article

Maze, J. (2020, May/June). Game of chicken: Popeyes' sandwich and Chick-fil-A's consistency proved again that America can't get enough chicken. Restaurant Business.

Company profile

MarketLine. (2020, January 16). 3M Company [Company profile].
https://www.ebsco.com/products/research-databases/business-source-premier  

Country report

IHS Markit. (2020, March 3). Country/territory report - Australia. https://www.ebsco.com/products/research-databases/business-source-premier

Industry profile

MarketLine. (2020, April). Healthcare providers in Germany. [Industry profile]. https://www.ebsco.com/products/research-databases/business-source-premier  

SWOT analysis

MarketLine. (2019, September 27). Apple, Inc. SWOT Analysis. https://www.ebsco.com/products/research-databases/business-source-premier

C

Case studies

One author:

Smith, S. (2003). Leadership. HBS No. 7-806-122. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Publishing.

Two authors:

Eisenmann, T., & Herman, K. (2006). Google, Inc. HBS No. 9-806-105. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Publishing.

Textbook case study, one author:

Pederson, S. (2008). The XYZ Group. In J. Ness, Cases in digital processing (pp.11-20). Saskatoon, Canada: CDMA Publishing.

Census data

Canada

Find the permalink to cite the Census table directly whenever possible, rather than the various visualization tools such as CHASS which do not have permalinks.

Statistics Canada. (2017). Census profile, 2016 Census: Montréal (Census metropolitan area), Quebec and Quebec (Province) (Table 98-316-X2016001) [Data set]. https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CMACA&Code1=462&Geo2=PR&Code2=24&SearchText=Montreal&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&TABID=1&type=0

Statistics Canada. (n.d.). Income - total sex: Total - income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households [Data set]. CHASS. http://datacentre.chass.utoronto.ca/

United States

Find the permalink to cite the Census table directly whenever possible, rather than the various visualization tools such as Census Business Builder which do not usually have permalinks.

U.S. Census Bureau. (2017). Construction: Summary statistics for the US, states, and selected geographies (Table EC1723BASIC) [Data set]. U.S. Department of Commerce. https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?tid=ECNBASIC2017.EC1723BASIC&t=Employment%3ANew%20Housing%20%28Construction%20and%20Sales%29&vintage=2017&hidePreview=false

U.S. Census Bureau. (n.d.). QuickFacts: Madison city, Wisconsin. U.S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved June 18, 2020, from https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/madisoncitywisconsin/LND110210

U.S. Census Bureau. (n.d.). Census business builder: Small business edition - 3.0.1 [Map showing restaurants in the Dane County, WI area and surrounding counties].  U.S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved June 18, 2020, from https://cbb.census.gov/sbe/#

U.S. Census Bureau. (2012). Retail trade: Geographic area series: Summary statistics for the United States, States, metro areas. counties, and places: 2012 (Table EC1244A1) [Dataset]. U.S. Department of Commerce. https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?q=EC1244&hidePreview=true&table=EC1244A1&tid=ECNBASIC2012.EC1244A1&g=0100000US,.04000.001&lastDisplayedRow=30

U.S. Census Bureau. (2018). Hennepin county, Minnesota - income in the past 12 months (in 2018 inflation-adjusted dollars) (Table S1901) [Dataset]. U.S. Department of Commerce.
https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?q=hennepin%20county%20mn%20income&g=0500000US27053&hidePreview=false&tid=ACSST1Y2018.S1901&t=Income%20%28Households,%20Families,%20Individuals%29&layer=VT_2018_050_00_PY_D1&cid=S1901_C01_001E&vintage=2018

U.S. Census Bureau. (2018). Ramsey county, Minnesota - all sectors: County Business Patterns by legal form of organization and employment size class for U.S., states, and selected geographies: 2018 (Table CB1800CBP) [Dataset]. U.S. Department of Commerce.
https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?q=&g=0500000US27123&d=ANN%20Business%20Patterns%20County%20Business%20Patterns&table=CB1800CBP&tid=CBP2018.CB1800CBP&hidePreview=true&lastDisplayedRow=18

CIA World Factbook 

Central Intelligence Agency. (2020). Brazil. In The World Factbook. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/br.html

Consumer Expenditure Survey

Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2018). Race of reference person: Shares of annual aggregate expenditures and sources of income, Consumer Expenditure Survey, 2018 (Table 2100) [Dataset]. U.S. Department of Labor.
https://www.bls.gov/cex/2018/aggregate/race.pdf

Country Commercial Guides

International Trade Administration. (2019, June 4). Latvia Country Commercial Guide. U.S. Department of Commerce.
https://legacy.export.gov/article?series=a0pt0000000PAuFAAW&type=Country_Commercial__kav

D

D&B Hoovers

Analyst report

Deutsche Bank. (2020, April 28). 3M: Under the mask [Analyst report]. Dun & Bradstreet. http://logon.onesource.com/

 

Company profile

Dun & Bradstreet. (n.d.). Kohl's Corporation [Company profile]. Retrieved May 27, 2020, from http://logon.onesource.com/

Industry profile

Some reports are HTML and without a date; some are PDFs with a date.

Dun & Bradstreet. (n.d.). Space research & technology [Industry profile]. Retrieved June 29, 2020, from http://logon.onesource.com/

MarketLine. (2020, January). Home & garden products in the United States [Industry profile]. Dun & Bradstreet. http://logon.onesource.com/

SWOT analysis

Dun & Bradstreet. (2019, December 6). Target Corporation SWOT analysis. http://logon.onesource.com/

Data-Planet Statistical Datasets

Energy Information Administration. (2020, May 17). Retail gasoline prices: Gasoline prices - all grades, 08/20/1990 - 05/11/2020 [Data set]. Department of Energy; Data Planet Statistical Datasets. https://doi.org/10.6068/DP1722EF40B2064

E

eMarketer

Briggs, P., Dolliver, M., Kim, A., Koch, L., & Wurmser, Y. (2020, February). Canada digital habits by generation: Identifying key distinctions across age groups, from teens to baby boomers. eMarketer. https://www.emarketer.com/

eStatement Studies

You may need to use a search engine to find the URL for a particular report.

Risk Management Association. (2019, November 11). Financial ratio benchmarks 2019-2020 for NAICS 11110: Soybean farming. https://www.rmahq.org/ProductDetail.aspx?productid=684685779

F

Factiva

Articles

Lombardo, C. & Mattioli, D. (2020, July 24). Amazon wooed startups, then competed with them - some companies regret sharing information with the tech giant. Wall Street Journal, J1.

Water-conscious Coloradoans love "Garden in a box," the ready-made, do-it-yourself xeric garden kit (2020, March 12). Business Wire.

Company profile

Factiva. (n.d.). Best Buy Co, Inc. [Company profile]. Retrieved May 27, 2020, from http://global.factiva.com/


 

Ratios
 

Factiva. (n.d.). Starbucks Corp. [Ratio comparison report]. Retrieved May 27, 2020, from http://global.factiva.com/

G

Gartner

Wallin, L., & Silva, C. (2019, December 17). Top 10 technologies that are defining the future of mobility, 2019 update. Gartner. https://www.gartner.com

H-I-J

IBISWorld Industry Market Research

If the report has a unique identifier number, use it in parentheses after the title. In this case, include a more specific description in the brackets than just [Industry report] as is often used elsewhere, because IBIS has risk and other reports as well as global, state, and other levels of industry reports, and sometimes the titles and numbers are the same.

Diment, D. (2019, December). Corporate wellness services (OD4621) [U.S. specialized industry report]. IBISWorld. https://www.ibisworld.com/

K-L-M

Market Share Reporter

Global energy consumption, 2016. (2020). In R. S. Lazich & V. L. Burton, III (Eds.), Market Share Reporter (30th ed.). Gale.

Mergent Intellect / Mergent FirstResearch

Company profile

Mergent. (n.d). Davanni’s, Inc. [Company profile]. Retrieved June 3, 2020, from      https://www.mergentintellect.com/

Industry profile

Dun & Bradstreet. (2019, August 26). Fast-food & quick-service restaurants [industry report].

Mergent Online

Analyst reports (Investext)

MarketLine. (2020, June). Target Corp. [Analyst report]. Retrieved from https://www.mergentonline.com/login.php

Company profile

Mergent. (n.d.). Hain Celestial Group [Company profile]. Retrieved June 3, 2020, from https://www.mergentonline.com/login.php
 

Executive biography

Mergent. (n.d.). Hain Celestial Group: R. Dean Hollis [Executive bio]. Retrieved June 3, 2020, from https://www.mergentonline.com/login.php
 

Company financials/ratios (part of a company profile)

Mergent. (n.d.). Apple, Inc. Company financials. Retrieved June 3, 2020, from https://www.mergentonline.com/login.php
 

SEC filings

Best Buy Co. Inc. (2020, March 23). Form 10-K. Retrieved from https://www.mergentonline.com/login.php
 

SWOT (Investext)

GlobalData. (2020, March 19). FedEx Corporation (FDX) Financial and Strategic SWOT Analysis Review. https://www.mergentonline.com/login.php

Mintel Academic

You may need to use a search engine to find the URL for a particular report.

Failla, J. (2020, April). Quick service restaurants - US. Mintel. https://reports.mintel.com/display/986928/#

Mintel. (n.d.). Shampoo & conditioners: Retail market segmentation by values. Retrieved May 28, 2020, from https://marketsizes.mintel.com/

Morningstar

Company ratios
 

Morningstar. (n.d.). Delta Air Lines Inc.: key ratios. Retrieved May 27, 2020 from http://library.morningstar.com

Mutual fund report
 

Morningstar. (n.d.). Vanguard Global Equity [Mutual fund report]. Retrieved May 27, 2020 from http://library.morningstar.com

Stock analysis
 

Huey, B. (2020, July 14). Delta Air Lines analyst note. Retrieved from http://library.morningstar.com

MRI University Reporter

MRI-Simmons. (2019, Spring). Boxed chocolates bought in last 6 months Ghirardelli [Base: Adults] [Data set]. https://www.gfkmrismartsystem.com

MRI-Simmons. (2019, Spring). Domino's Pizza bought at last 6 months [Base: Adults] [Data set]. https://www.gfkmrismartsystem.com

MRI-Simmons. (2019, Spring). Tablets & e-readers - apps downloaded or used games personally used, last 30 days [Base: Women] [Data set]. https://www.gfkmrismartsystem.com

N-O-P

Passport

Homma, A. (2020, February 24). Apparel and footwear in the US [Country report]. Passport.  https://go.euromonitor.com/passport.html

Euromonitor. (n.d.). Apparel and footwear USA [Market sizes]. Passport. Retrieved May 20, 2020, from https://go.euromonitor.com/passport.html

Euromonitor. (2018, February 8). Population change as a megatrend driver [Briefing]. Passport.  https://go.euromonitor.com/passport.html

Euromonitor.  (n.d.) Apparel and footwear dashboard: Store-based retailing [Chart]. Passport.  Retrieved June 4, 2020, from https://go.euromonitor.com/passport.html

Pew Research Center

Pew Research Center. (2020, April 20). From virtual parties to ordering food, how Americans are using the internet during COVID-19 [Report]. https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2020/04/30/from-virtual-parties-to-ordering-food-how-americans-are-using-the-internet-during-covid-19/

Political Risk Yearbook

PRS Group. (2019, August). Czech Republic. In Political risk yearbook.  https://epub.prsgroup.com/

Press Release

No database info needed if it’s something widely available from multiple sources (e.g., most periodical articles, press releases, stock information.)

U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2019, November 15). FDA approves first contact lens indicated to slow the progression of nearsightedness in children [Press release]. https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/fda-approves-first-contact-lens-indicated-slow-progression-nearsightedness-children

PrivCo

Company profiles

PrivCo. (n.d.). PopSockets [Company profile]. Retrieved May 26, 2020, from https://system.privco.com/auth/login

Company lists or directories

Since there is no official title, create a description in square brackets, non-italicized, to describe how you compiled this data. See section 9.22 in the Manual. The square brackets in this case indicate that somebody else searching the resource cannot use these exact words to search for it; but they could figure out what you did.

PrivCo. (n.d.). [List of VC-backed companies in the Boulder, CO, area with up to $500M in revenue]. Retrieved June 29, 2020, from https://system.privco.com/auth/login

ProQuest US Newstream

Newspaper article

Kumar, K. (2020, March 10). Target puts cap on disinfectant sales: retailer encouraging no-contact deliveries for same-day Shipt service. Star Tribune, D3.

Q-R

ReferenceUSA

Company profiles

Look in the Business Demographics section for the Last Updated date.

If the title of the company profile is sufficiently unique to identify the company profile (i.e. there is only one of that company in that city & state), then the company name with city is the title:

Infogroup. (2020, June). Jackson Hewitt Tax Svc-Walmart, Kenai, AK [Company profile]. ReferenceUSA. Retrieved June 26, 2020, from https://www.referenceusa.com

If there are multiple locations of that business in that city/state, include the exact address in parentheses as a form of unique number identifier:

Infogroup. (2020, June). Jackson Hewitt Tax Svc-Walmart (3101 A. St, Anchorage, AK) [Company profile]. ReferenceUSA. Retrieved June 26, 2020, from https://www.referenceusa.com

Company lists or directories

Since there is no official title, create a description in square brackets, non-italicized, to describe how you compiled this data. See section 9.22 in the Manual. The square brackets in this case indicate that somebody else searching the resource cannot use these exact words to search for it; but they could figure out what you did.

Infogroup. (n.d.). [List of companies in Walworth county, Wisconsin with 5 or more employees]. ReferenceUSA. Retrieved May 26, 2020, from https://www.referenceusa.com

Richard K. Miller & Associates (RKMA Market Research Handbooks)

Miller, R. K., & Washington, K. (2019). Consumer behavior 2019-2020. Richard K. Miller & Associates.

S

S&P Global NetAdvantage

Standard & Poor’s. (2020). Restaurant Brands International [Company profile]. S&P NetAdvantage. https://www.capitaliq.com

Standard & Poor’s. (2020). Transaction screening: bankruptcy announcement date 5/20/2020 - 5/27/2020 [Data set]. S&P NetAdvantage. https://www.capitaliq.com

Industry profile

Scarola, C. & Ko, W. (2020, May). Aerospace & defense. CFRA Industry Surveys. https://www.capitaliq.com

Stock report

CFRA Equity Research. (2020, August 8). General Electric. CFRA Stock Reports.           https://www.capitaliq.com

Simmons Insights

Since the title of the dataset is not very descriptive of your particular data retrieved, include a description of the variables you used so that somebody else could figure out what you did.

MRI-Simmons. (2017). Spring 2017 NHCS adult study 12 month [Cell phones / smartphones brands owned by consumer demographics - age, gender, household income] [Data set]. https://simmonsinsights.com/

MRI-Simmons. (2017). Spring 2017 NHCS adult study 6 month [Computer software types owned by age] [Data set]. https://simmonsinsights.com/

SimplyAnalytics

Since there is no official title, create a description in square brackets, non-italicized, to describe how you compiled this data. See section 9.22 in the Manual. The square brackets in this case indicate that somebody else searching the resource cannot use these exact words to search for it; but they could figure out what you did.

Look at the Variable Metadata or View Metadata section in order to get the Source information -- which agency collected the data. The Date is whatever year the data were collected.

SimplyAnalytics. (2019). [% households consuming imported beer/ale: Drank in last 6 months, for ZIP codes 55416, 55401, and Minneapolis metro area] [Data set]. MRI Consumer Survey US. http://app.simplyanalytics.com

SimplyAnalytics. (2019). [Map of Minneapolis, MN metro with family income $200,000 and over]. Census US. http://app.simplyanalytics.com

SimplyAnalytics. (2019.) [% food - Snack/dessert ice cream & sherbet - Brand Haagen-Daaz, entire US] [Data set]. SimmonsLocal US. http://app.simplyanalytics.com

SimplyAnalytics. (2018). [Map showing # multimarket data - Leisure activities - Current level of interest in major league soccer (MLS) - Somewhat, for Minneapolis-St. Paul DMA]. Scarborough Local Insights. http://app.simplyanalytics.com

Statista

Statistics, dossiers, and reports

Look under the Source section for “Survey by” -- that is the author

Daniel Research Group. (2019, September). Unit shipments of mobile personal computers (PCs) and laptops in the United States, from 2013 to 2023 (in millions) [Chart]. Statista.  https://www.statista.com/

Sporting Intelligence. (2019). Global sports salaries survey 2019. [Report]. Statista. https://www.statista.com/

Statista. (2020). National Hockey League. [Report]. Statista. https://www.statista.com/

Anything without a named author:

Statista. (2020, May). Laptops & tablets [Consumer market outlook]. https://www.statista.com/

Infographics

Armstrong, M. (2020, June 4). UK government approval on the slide [Infographic]. Statista. https://www.statista.com/

Statistical Abstract of the United States (ProQuest)

Bureau of Census (2019). Table 3: Resident population projections and components of change: 2017 To 2060 [as of July 1]. In ProQuest Statistical Abstract of the U.S. https://statabs.proquest.com/
 

Stock quotes

NYSE. (2020, July 20). The Gap, Inc. stock quote. Yahoo! Finance. https://finance.yahoo.com/quote/GPS?ltr=1

SWOT Analysis

Dun & Bradstreet. (2019, December 6). Target Corporation SWOT analysis. http://logon.onesource.com/

GlobalData. (2020, March 19). FedEx Corporation (FDX) Financial and Strategic SWOT Analysis Review. https://www.mergentonline.com/login.php

MarketLine. (2019, September 27). Apple, Inc. SWOT Analysis. https://www.ebsco.com/products/research-databases/business-source-premier

T-U-V

Thomson Reuters Checkpoint

Batter, A. (2016, November/December). The impact of a double trigger on the section 162(m) deduction. Journal of Corporate Taxation, 34-38.

Thomson Reuters. (2020). 2020 RIA federal tax handbook. http://checkpoint.riag.com/

Uniworld Online

Since there is no official title, create a description in square brackets, non-italicized, to describe how you compiled this data. See section 9.22 in the Manual. The square brackets in this case indicate that somebody else searching the resource cannot use these exact words to search for it; but they could figure out what you did.

Uniworld. (n.d.). [United States firms with subsidiaries in Norway]. Retrieved June 15, 2020, from http://uniworldonline.com/

Value Line Research Center

Look at the bottom of the company’s stock page for the dates of the PDF reports -- usually approximately quarterly. Those are the archived reports and should be the preferred date.

Value Line. (2020, May 22). Delta Air Lines. Value Line Investment Survey. https://jump.valueline.com/

W-X-Y-Z

Web-based data sets (WHO, IMF, trade data, the Federal Reserve, etc.)

Use a direct/permalink URL whenever available. 

International Financial Statistics. (2020). Government finance: Japan 2013-2020 [Data set]. International Monetary Fund. https://www.imf.org

World Health Organization. (2020, June 2). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): Situation report - 134. https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200602-covid-19-sitrep-134.pdf?sfvrsn=cc95e5d5_2

Bureau of Economic Analysis. (2020, May 28). Price indexes for personal consumption expenditures by major type of product and by major function. (Table 2.3.4U) [Data set]. United States Department of Commerce. https://apps.bea.gov/iTable/iTable.cfm?reqid=19&step=3&isuri=1&nipa_table_list=2013&categories=underlying

Eurostat. (2020). Area under organic farming [Data set]. https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products-datasets/-/sdg_02_40

Wharton Research Data Services (WRDS) data

Since the title of the dataset is not very descriptive of your particular data retrieved, include a description of the variables you used so that somebody else could figure out what you did.

Standard & Poor’s. (n.d.). Compustat daily updates - fundamentals annual [Microsoft Corporation: Income statement items - January 2015 to January 2020] [Data set]. Capital IQ. Retrieved June 3, 2020, from https://wrds-www.wharton.upenn.edu/

The Center for Research in Security Prices. (n.d.). CRSP daily stock [Tesla Motors stock prices from 2007 to 2020] [Data set]. Retrieved June 3, 2020, from https://wrds-www.wharton.upenn.edu/

Winmo (formerly RedBooks)

List Partners. (n.d.). The Wendy’s Company. Winmo. Retrieved May 21, 2020, from https://www.winmo.com/

Working Paper

Hastings, J., Neilson, C. A., & Zimmerman, S.D. (2015, June). The effects of earnings disclosure on college enrollment decisions (NBER Working Paper No. 21300). http://www.nber.org/