Cortes arrives in Mexico. (Mexican manuscript, 16th century. Azcatillan Code).
The art of Colonial and Viceregal New Spain and Peru is the art of Mexico and Central America from the arrival of the Europeans in the late 15th century through the time of the independence movements of the 19th and beyond.
The University of St. Thomas Libraries have a wealth of information in print and online about the artists and their art. For a concise overview of the topic, head to Oxford Art Online for the introductory essay, "Mexico, United States of [Estados Unidos Mexicanos."