Women and the Early Church
The role of women in the early centuries of Christianity has become the subject of intense interest and scholarship. This guide is designed to help beginners start their research projects using library resources both online and in print.
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Check out these guides later to expand your topic.
[Ancient illustration from the Catacombs]
Questions for theological reflection papers:
Consider this: Can you find references to women in this 15th century hymn "O Filii et Filiae"?
Press the blue hyperlink above that says "O Sons and Daughters" and reflect on this Christian hymn, which is centuries old. Choose a question from those listed below. Watch this video over and over as you reflect. What would you tell your sisters, daughters or aunts who have gathered to bury your grandmother about why the lives of women in the early church mattered to Jesus?
Consider this: Ask your professor why the Latin words for sons and daughters have different endings? Is this true in Hebrew and Greek?
Consider this: What does the word "witness" mean in Christian history? Did women witness anything that is significant to Christians in the early church that is still significant to Christians today? What did they see? What did they do? What language did they speak? Who tells us about them?
Consider this: What was the world like at the time these women lived? What was the political situation of the time? Was Jerusalem occupied by a conqueror? Would Roman women later listen to the women who witnessed Jesus' death and resurrection? Who were these early mothers of the church? Were they strong? Why? Does the Christian Tradition teach us that thoughtful women helped build the church? Does studying these women's lives help the laity learn anything significant? What do the lives of these women tell women today about the church?
Consider this: Words like King and Lord meant everything to the writer of this hymn in the 15th century. Why?
Consider this: To whom did the angels proclaim the good news of the resurrection in this hymn, which reflects the words of Christian Scripture? Which passages from Scripture speak about this? The Gospel of Luke is known as Mary's Gospel. What passages in Luke apply to women? What passages in the Acts describe the meaningful work these brave women undertook, which provide an outstanding snapshot of how women have helped establish how women responded to the good news? Has the work of these women been included in the sacred tradition of the church, or can theological researchers help us see the role of women in the early church more clearly?
Consider this: What act of mercy did Jesus ask three women to perform to prepare his body for the Transfiguration?
Consider this: What is the significance of the women discovering this great mystery of faith on the first day of the Sabbath?
Consider this: In this 15th century hymn, does Christ proclaim peace to all, or only men, or only women?
Consider this: Could reflecting on the lives of grieving widows in the Mediterranean world of Jesus provide us with a spiritual legacy for today?