Check with instructor on the preferred style he or she wishes you to use and be sure to conslult the most up-to-date edition of that style manual.
The Manual retains its familiar three-part structure, beginning with an overview of the steps in the research and writing process, including formulating questions, reading critically, building arguments, and revising drafts. Part II provides an overview of citation practices with detailed information on the two main scholarly citation styles (notes-bibliography and author-date), an array of source types with contemporary examples, and detailed guidance on citing online resources
See Main UST Library Citation Guide
About Style Manuals
Which should you use?
Ask each of your professors which style they want you to use. If they have no preference you can follow any of these styles (just be consistent). However, most of our Seminary students are asked to use either the MLA or Turabian Style Manuals.
- APA: psychology, education, and other social sciences.
- MLA: literature, arts, and humanities.
- AMA: medicine, health, and biological sciences.
- Turabian: designed for college students to use with all subjects.
- Chicago: used with all subjects in the "real world" by books, magazines, newspapers, and other non-scholarly publications.
Print versions of these style manuals contain examples of citing more sources than these web pages do, as well as other things you may need to know, such as margins, font size, etc.
I like the "Long Island University Library Guide" as it is "COLOR CODED."
Help with MLA
Frequently Asked Questions about the MLA Handbook (from the MLA Website)
What is new in the seventh edition of the MLA Handbook?
Should I use underlining or italics in my research paper?
How many spaces should I leave after a period or other concluding mark of punctuation?
How do I create the indention that the MLA shows for a works-cited list?
SAMPLE PAPER - MLA STYLE:
For those who do not have access to UST's RefWorks subscription: BibMe Bibliography Maker
BibMe Bibligraphy Maker
VERY simple, BASIC, free online source.
For those who do not have access to UST's RefWorks subscription: Zotero
Sophisticated, free, open source, online citation tool. Zotero works with Firefox for Windows, Mac and Linux but not Internet Explorer (IE) or Google Chrome.
Citing Church Documents using the Harvard Style
Identify the passage of the document to cite. Get "at least" the name of the pope who wrote the document, title of the document, publication date -- and for endnotes or in-text citations, get the paragraph or section number. Honorific titles such as "Pope" are not used, so Pope John Paul II would be cited as "John Paul II." Alternate forms of citing popes: could also be listed as either "Catholic Church"; or "Catholic Church, & Francis".For an in text citation, put in the Latin name of the Document and paragraph number – e.g., to cite the first paragraph in the section on "Eternal Newness" in Pope Francis' Apostolic Exhortation, Evangelii Gaudium - paragraph 11: The in-text citation is: (Evangelii Gaudium, §11) - Try Neil's Toolbox link below - a free online bibliography generator just dealing with the Harvard Style...
Library Director / Theological Librarian
The Archbishop Ireland Memorial Library
Mail # IRL
Office - 101 Ireland Library
Library Liaison for Theology
Undergraduate and Graduate Theology, The St. Paul Seminary School of Divinity, Theological Studies, Religion, Religious Studies, Roman Catholic Church
Faculty members in the Department of Theology and the St. Paul Seminary School of Divinity may contact me to do a Library Skills class in their area. Please give me two weeks notice when scheduling a class session. These same faculty members may suggest library purchases in their area. Please send your purchase suggestions to me.