Check with instructor on the preferred style he or she wishes you to use and be sure to conslult the most up-to-date edition of that style manual.
First published in 1937, Turabian's manual has been updated to reflect the fifteenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style (2003) as well as the habits and needs of today's students. The chapter on source citation now includes sections on online databases, e-books, and "informally published electonic sources." A new and lengthy part 1, "Researching and Writing: From Planning to Production," cautions researchers to "beware of Wikipedia" and "never cite it as an authoritative source." Another caution: citation software "may save time, but it is not a substitute for knowing the underlying principles of the style." Quinn, Mary Ellen
See Main UST Library Citation Guide
About Style Manuals
Which should you use?
Ask each of your professors which style they want you to use. If they have no preference you can follow any of these styles (just be consistent). However, most of our Seminary students are asked to use either the MLA or Turabian Style Manuals.
- APA: psychology, education, and other social sciences.
- MLA: literature, arts, and humanities.
- AMA: medicine, health, and biological sciences.
- Turabian: designed for college students to use with all subjects.
- Chicago: used with all subjects in the "real world" by books, magazines, newspapers, and other non-scholarly publications.
Print versions of these style manuals contain examples of citing more sources than these web pages do, as well as other things you may need to know, such as margins, font size, etc.
I like the "Long Island University Library Guide" as it is "COLOR CODED."
Help with MLA
Frequently Asked Questions about the MLA Handbook (from the MLA Website)
What is new in the seventh edition of the MLA Handbook?
Should I use underlining or italics in my research paper?
How many spaces should I leave after a period or other concluding mark of punctuation?
How do I create the indention that the MLA shows for a works-cited list?
SAMPLE PAPER - MLA STYLE:
For those who do not have access to UST's RefWorks subscription: BibMe Bibliography Maker
BibMe Bibligraphy Maker
VERY simple, BASIC, free online source.
For those who do not have access to UST's RefWorks subscription: Zotero
Sophisticated, free, open source, online citation tool. Zotero works with Firefox for Windows, Mac and Linux but not Internet Explorer (IE) or Google Chrome.
Library Director / Theological Librarian
The Archbishop Ireland Memorial Library
Mail # IRL
Office - 101 Ireland Library
Library Liaison for Theology
Undergraduate and Graduate Theology, The St. Paul Seminary School of Divinity, Theological Studies, Religion, Religious Studies, Roman Catholic Church
Faculty members in the Department of Theology and the St. Paul Seminary School of Divinity may contact me to do a Library Skills class in their area. Please give me two weeks notice when scheduling a class session. These same faculty members may suggest library purchases in their area. Please send your purchase suggestions to me.